From COMM 455 student Malka Goldberg:

“Finally, Marshall went to Washington to meet with Harding personally. The meeting was pleasant and Marshall learned that Harding had sent journalist friend Judson C. Welliver to Detroit in an attempt to dissuade Ford from continuing his anti-Semitic campaign. Remarkably, shortly after Welliver’s visit, the Dearborn Independent, in its issues of 7 and 14 January 1922, announced the conclusion of a series of anti-Jewish articles. Ford’s exercise in self-restraint proved only temporary, however, as his newspaper would resume its verbal attacks against the Jews in 1923. At the time, though, it appeared to Marshall that his behind-the-scenes maneuver to exert pressure on Ford through Harding had worked. The practice of using political influence quietly and discreetly was typical for the shtadlanim, and they would resort to this strategy in the crises to come” (fn. 72).

Citation: Sonja P. Wentling, “The Engineer and the Shtadlanim: Herbert Hoover and American Jewish anti-Zionists, 1917-28,” American Jewish History 88 (2000): 377-406.

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