JW, Politics, & Scandal Monday, Oct 25 2010 

From COMM 455 student Alexis Mott:

This article from the Pacific Historical Review mentions Welliver supporting Hiram Johnson for Vice President on p. 276. Another article from Business History Review discusses Welliver’s knowledge of the Teapot Dome Scandal. And another article in the Mississippi Valley Historical Review mentions that Welliver was friends with Harry A. Slattery and how they collaborated on Harding’s speeches.

Biographical Info/Writings by JW Monday, Oct 25 2010 

From COMM 455 student Alex Motsiopoulos:

This a biographical article about Judson Welliver and how he got his start at Hampton’s Magazine.  I believe, after reading this, that this is one of his first jobs in journalism and he did write quite a bit for them.  This article also has a great portrait picture of a young Judson Welliver: http://bit.ly/aHbPgz.

Citation: Index to the Hampton’s Magazine. XXIII. New York City: Hampton’s Mgazine, 1909. 725-26.

The same Web site, but on a different page has a story about the Sugar Trust that Welliver wrote for the October 1909 issue of Hampton’s Magazine. Citation: Welliver, Judson, C. “The Story of Sugar.” Hampton’s Magazine. Oct. 1909: 433-46. And a story by JW on Senator Aldrich.

A quotation reportedly said to JW: “I don’t know what to do or where to turn in this taxation matter. Somewhere there must be a book that tells all about it, where I could go to straighten it out in my mind. But I don’t know where the book is, and maybe I couldn’t read it if I found it.” -William J. Harding, said to Judson C. Welliver. Citation: Russell, Francis. The Shadow of Blooming Grove. McGraw-Hill, 1968.

An article about API, the American Petroleum Institute, written by Joseph Pratt: “Creating Coordination in the Modern Petroleum Industry: The American Petroleum Institute and the Emergence of Secondary Organizations in Oil,” Research in Economic History (Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, 1984). by Joseph Allen Pratt: http://bit.ly/bNvlP2.

An article that JW wrote for Munsey’s Magazine in 1914 about the US Navy and how it compared to naval forces of other nations at the time: http://bit.ly/9x4SMV.

Scholarly Mentions of JW Monday, Oct 25 2010 

From COMM 455 student Corey Kaminsky:

1) “The idea of a president speaking in anything but his own words was unaccptable. Judson Welliver’s tittle was “literary clerk” when he began White House service for Warren Harding in 1921. Few Americans then or later knew anything about him or his job. He is remembered chiefly, if at all, for coining the term ‘the Founding Fathers.'” From “All the President’s Words” by Carol Gelderman.

2) Judson Welliver was mentioned in this article regarding a letter Harding “wrote” and signed. The article questions how much of the letter Harding actually wrote and how much was written by his advisors and staff such as George Christian and Judson Welliver.

3) Judson Welliver is cited in this article on migration and immigration. “This table leads Mr. Welliver to remark that the report of a great return of aliens to Europe to take part in the war was very much a fiction.”

4) “As I read the accounts of recent presidential campaigns, I think how greatly complicated has become the work of a nominee, beside that of so recent a period as 1892, Senator Harding, was surrounded by a group of assistants…” From an article in the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

5) Judson C. Welliver, “Herbert Clark Hoover,” Review of Reviews, March 1920, p. 261. is cited in regards to the following quote: “Some were not willing to wait so long for Hoover’s services. In England, Hoover’s CRB activities had done much to impress the British with his skill. Some said that it was possible the British contributions to the CRB had been fully compensated by Hoover’s success in curbing the operations of food profiteers.”

Kaminsky also found the magazine cover featured above that highlights an article in the issue authored by JW.

Articles by and Mentioning JW Monday, Oct 25 2010 

From COMM 455 student Jonathan Nisman:

1)    The Dallas Morning News printed an article titled “Impatient Over The Attitude of Col. Roosevelt” in 1910. This article criticizes Col. Roosevelt for his unfulfilled promises. Judson Welliver, a fellow member of the progressive movement, has also had enough of Col. Roosevelts promises, but lack of action. He is quoted saying some harsh words about the general. 

2)    An article was written in the Morning Olympian based on Judson Welliver’s experiences in Europe. The article is titled “Reorganized British Schools During War.” Judson Welliver tells how the school system in Britain was in shambles and it was the minister of education, Mr. Fisher, who was dedicated to turning it around. Judson Welliver finishes with saying that America needs to look at its own education system. 

3)    The Washington Post printed an article in 1918 based on Judson Welliver’s claim that the war would last for another 5 years. Upon Judson Welliver’s return from Europe, he addressed members of the national press club and conveyed he concern for how long much longer the war would last. He also claimed that women in England, Scotland and Wales were the driving force behind the British government.

4)    The Grand Forks Herald printed an article titled “Cox Prepared Trap For Harding, Caught Self, Avers Judson Welliver. Governor Cox (right) had attempted to trap Senator Harding by connecting Mr. Harding to Monsieur de Kobra. Cox had given de Kobra information to give to Harding in order to make allegations against Harding later. Judson Welliver, who was the director of publicity at this point, released a statement denying all wrongdoings by Senator Harding and exposing Governor Cox and his plan. 

5)    In the Outlook in 1921 an article written by Wade Chance titled Censorship At Paris mentions Judson Welliver and his French correspondent “Pertinax.” The article describes how the French government would censor Judson Wellivers letters. Whole sentences would be blacked out and sometimes half the letter. Examples are given of important information being sent overseas and the French government censoring those messages.

More JW Bio/Speechwriting Monday, Oct 25 2010 

From COMM455 student Teddy Powers:

In The Anti-Intellectual Presidency: The Decline of Presidential Rhetoric from George Washington to George W. Bush, Elvin Lim calls Welliver “The patron saint of the unquotables” when referring to the relative anonymity of early speech writers (83).

According to Jamie Stiehm of U.S. News and World Report, two of the focuses of our class, Welliver and White House Ghosts author Robert Schlesinger (right), look identical. When suggesting Halloween costumes for politicians, she says, “My editor Robert Schlesinger is a dead ringer for Judson Welliver (the first White House speechwriter).”

An article by John Blair in the New England Quarterly described a tiff between president Coolidge and journalist Carter Feld, who allegedly disobeyed vague White House Correspondents’ Association rules by quoting the president. Judson Welliver, who was apprised of the issue, said that Feld had violated the rules many times before (509-510).

An article by Martha Joynt Kumar in Presidential Studies Quarterly on presidential press conferences mentions the key role that Welliver took in finding answers to pre-submitted questions. She writes,

“In three of the four administrations between 1913 and 1933, reporters submitted questions to the president prior to his news conferences. That allowed the president and his staff to flesh out careful responses, to craft ways of ducking questions, or both. Coolidge had a staff assistant, Judson Welliver, who chased down information for him. As he was leaving the White House, President Coolidge said of Welliver: ‘I found him especially helpful in getting information from the different departments on any question that I have under consideration.’ Having such an experienced hand around was important in the preparations for press conferences.”

Marvin Alinsky discusses presidential humor in an article for Presidential Studies Quarterly. In it, he details a joke that President Teddy Roosevelt told to Welliver when he invited Welliver to the White House for dinner. Roosevelt told Welliver that a sheriff had lost a re-election bid by a 17,000 to 4 margin. “The defeated candidate continued to strap two guns to his belt after he left office. When asked why, he responded, ‘A man with no more friends than I’ve got in this county needs all the protection he can get’” (376). No word on whether or not Welliver was amused.

Susan Billingsley notes in her Master’s thesis, “An Analysis of the President-Press Relationship in Solo and Joint Press Conferences in the First Term of President George W. Bush,” that Welliver urged President Harding to reinstitute the dormant practice of having two press conferences per week (20).

More Articles About JW Tuesday, Oct 19 2010 

From COMM 455 student Ryan Rickenbach:

Two articles about a Tri-State Milk Commission that included JW. The first discusses JW’s appointment as the chair of the commission while the second mentions a speech by JW about the need for a municipal monopoly on milk distribution in large cities.

Another article concerns a speech that JW gives to the National Press Club about the conduct of World War I upon his return from reporting at the front.

Finally, in the forerunner to today’s Kid’s Post section of the Washington Post, this article from “The Post’s Boys and Girls,” from 1917 mentions and includes a picture of JW’s daughter Jane.

Scholarly Articles Discussing JW Monday, Oct 18 2010 

From COMM 655 student Sean Luechtefeld:

An article from Communication Quarterly by William Norwood Brigance (left) that traces the development of ghostwriting and includes some mention of JW. Another article from Today’s Speech (the journal title that became Communication Quarterly) that talks about H.L. Mencken and his criticism of presidential speeches. A Quarterly Journal of Speech article that mentions JW’s role in the 1920 campaign. Finally, an essay from the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography about JW and a anthracite strike in the 1920s.

More TIME Articles Mentioning JW Monday, Oct 18 2010 

From COMM 455 student Tynia Lewis:

TIME article (the Milestones feature) the announces JW’s death in 1943.

TIME article from 1929 discussing the evolution and growth of presidential speechwriting to that time.

Speech by JW on Railroads Monday, Oct 18 2010 

From COMM 455 student Caroline Birnbaum:

An article from the Camden Courier Post entitled “Railroads Cited As Losing Business: Cannot Compete With Modern Bus Transportation, Rotarians Told” from June 21, 1933 where Judson Welliver spoke at the  Camden Rotary Club meeting against railroads. The article is listed in the middle of the Web site.

More on JW Biographical Information Monday, Oct 18 2010 

From COMM 455 student Jared Owens:

An article about Harding’s papers: After Harding’s death, Allied Donithen, a close friend of Harding, chose Judson Welliver to write his official biography. Although much of Harding’s papers were burned, those that survived were collected and used by Welliver.

In an article from Munsey’s, JW explains his reasoning for the US adopting the metric system and integrating the system into our lives.

From a review of Schlesinger: “U.S. News and World Report journalist and blogger Robert Schlesinger does a wonderful job of telling the stories of U.S. presidents and their pens, from “literary clerk” Judson Welliver, who helped President Warren Harding (after Harding’s inaugural was lambasted in the press as reminiscent “of stale bean soup, of college yells, of dogs barking idiotically through endless nights”) to the team – including many of us at West Wing Writers – who served as President Bill Clinton’s scribes. Great insight into the way the presidential speechwriter’s role has evolved along with successive administrations.”

More on JW and Henry Ford: In interviews with Ford, JW gathers information that uncovers Henry Ford’s anti-semitic views. From a paper by Jonathan Logsdon.

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